Most common eye disease for aging adults

(Eye Center) article author : Wipawee Puthiwinyoo, M.D.

Most common eye disease for aging adults

If you are age over 40-years old, you recommend an eye examination once a year.

5 Common eye disease for aging adults

  1. Presbyopia

It’s a natural change of aging process. It’s caused by loss ability of the elasticity of lens inside the eye affects to worsening ability to focus clearly on close object the associated sign when focusing on close object will have headache, eyestrain. Mostly affects adults over the age of 40. Can be treated by Lasik eye surgery, reduce focusing on close object.

  1. Cataract

Cataracs is the most common problem in older people. It’s a protein that builds up in the lens of your eye and develops cloudy patch and can affect one or both eyes. The signs of cataracts are colors that look faded, change the color of the pupil, blurred, sensitivity to light, etc. Can be treated by removing the clouds and replacing with intraocular lens.

  1. Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a cause by increase intraocular pressure (IOP) and damage optic nerve affects to vision lost and irreversible cause. However, other types of glaucoma are Acute Angle-Closure glaucoma is a sudden onset of severe eye pain, blurred vision, red eye, rainbow-colored halos around bright light, etc. The risk of glaucoma is age over 40-year, family history, steroids use, history of accident with your eyes, diabetes mellitus, migrant, Obstructive sleep apnea.

  1. Age-Related Macular Degeneration: AMD

It happens when a part of the retina called the macula is damaged and can have permanent vision loss, usually affected by people aged over 60-years. The signs of Age-Related Macular degeneration worsen clear vision, fade colors. Currently, there is no treatment for age-Related Macular Degeneration therefore eye examination annually is recommended.

  1. Dry eyes

Dry eyes are the most common problem in aging adults. The symptoms can occur when the eye produces poorer quality tears and is unable to maintain eye lubrication.